## Trading profit loss account exercises

Trading and Profit and Loss Account: Problem with Solution # 10. While you are dealing with a case of preparation of accounts from incomplete records, you find that the Cash Account (Abstract) is out of balance to such an extent that it is obvious that the record of cash takings is wholly unreliable. The learner is provided with a template that makes the task relatively simple to workout Profit on the Profit and Loss Statement, and Ownership Equity in the Balance Sheet. Completing Profit and Loss Statement requires the learner to distinguish between income and expenditure items, and similarly the learner must distinguish between assets and liability items.

From the following balances extracted from the books of X & Co., prepare a trading and profit and loss account and balance sheet on 31st December, 1991. The stock on 21st December, 1991 was valued at \$25,000. Pupils can use the blank Trading profit and loss account worksheet (maybe best to get it laminated so they can easily change figures) to calculate the net profit for this company. They work in pairs and use dice to land on a specific box on the grid. As especially with regards to the trading and profit and loss account (income statement) and the balance sheet (statement of financial position) which has caused a few problems with learners in the past. Those questions that require some narrative are still lacking in some cases with only a few words offered being the order of the day. The Trading and Profit & Loss Account One of the most important uses of the Trading and The Profit and Loss account is to compare the results obtained with the results expected. There are two profit measures: 7KH*URVV3URILW This is calculated in the Trading Account and is the excess of sales over the cost of goods sold during the period. This activity gets students to complete a profit and loss account for the fictional, Barmy Burgers. Students must use all the data on the handout to complete the various activities. This is part of a differentiated task - there are three handouts which you might give to all students to complete in succession, or group students based on ability.

## A trading account helps in determining the gross profit or gross loss of a business concern, made strictly out of trading activities. Trading involves buying and selling activities. In the trading account, the cost of goods sold is subtracted from net sales for the period to calculate gross profit.

### A trading account helps in determining the gross profit or gross loss of a business concern, made strictly out of trading activities. Trading involves buying and selling activities. In the trading account, the cost of goods sold is subtracted from net sales for the period to calculate gross profit.

The Trading and Profit & Loss a/c is also a nominal account and has a credit balance if there is a profit and a debit balance if there is a loss. If we make a trial balance after having prepared the Trading and Profit & Loss a/c we will find only real and personal accounts in it apart from the nominal account Trading and Profit & Loss a/c. Trading Account. During the period-end closing process of a company, all the financial statements are prepared and finalized. Trading account is the first step in the process of preparing the final accounts of a company.As the name suggests it includes all the trading activities conducted by a business to ascertain the Gross Profit/Loss.. Trading account is a nominal account in nature.